The International Linear Collider (ILC) is a proposed electron-positron collider with a center-of-mass energy of 500 GeV, and a peak luminosity of 2 · 1034 cm-2s-1. The ILC will complement the Large Hadron Collider, a proton-proton accelerator, and provide precision measurements, which may help in solving some of the fundamental questions at the frontier of scientific research, such as the origin of mass and the possible existence of new principles of nature.
The linear collider community has set a goal to achieve a precision of 10-4 on the luminosity measurement at the ILC. This may be accomplished by constructing a finely granulated calorimeter, which will measure Bhabha scattering at small angles. The Bhabha cross-section is theoretically known to great precision, yet the rate of Bhabha scattering events, which would be measured by the luminosity detector, will be influenced by beam-beam effects, and by the inherent energy spread of the collider. The electroweak radiative effects can calculated to high precision and partially checked with events with final state photon radiation by distinguishing between the observable energy deposits of electrons and of photons in the luminosity calorimeter, using a clustering algorithm.
In order to achieve the design goal, the geometrical parameters of the calorimeter need to be reevaluated. This must be done in a generalized manner, so as to facilitate future modifications, the need for which is foreseen, due to expected changes in the detector concept.
This work demonstrates that the clustering approach is viable, and that a luminosity calorimeter may be designed to match the precision requirements on the luminosity measurement.